How to Upgrade to Business/First Class on Delta Air Lines Flights

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The days of getting upgraded just for dressing sharply or being kind to the gate agent are all but history. Airlines now have strict guidelines to ensure they allocate valuable upgrades to top customers.

Some airline upgrade policies can be complicated, and Delta Air Lines goes a step further and adds a level of secrecy to the upgrade process.

The airline does not publish upgrade availability or allow third-party access to this information. You are allowed to purchase or use miles to upgrade at booking or on an existing reservation, if available, but the pricing can sometimes be prohibitive.

Knowledge is power, and understanding how the process works can gain you leverage when trying to secure an upgrade with Delta Air Lines.

Our guide covers the types of upgrades available with Delta, how the upgrade process works, the value of having a Delta-branded credit card, and tips for increasing your chances of an upgrade on your next Delta flight.

Types of Delta Upgrades

Delta offers many options for upgrades, including upgrading with miles, complimentary and instant upgrades for Medallion Elite members, companion upgrades, and the ability to purchase an upgrade on the day of departure.

  • Complimentary upgrades: Available for Medallion Elites to Comfort +, First Class where those products are available, and Delta One (business class) for travel within the 50 United States.
  • Global upgrade certificates: Available to Diamond Medallion Elite members to upgrade domestic, regional, or international flights on Delta and partner airlines.
  • Regional upgrade certificates: Available to Platinum and Diamond Medallion Elite members to upgrade domestic and select regional Delta flights.
  • Instant upgrades: Medallion Elites who book a Y fare receive an immediate upgrade if available.
  • Upgrade with miles: You can purchase upgrades on select flights within the 50 United States with miles during booking.
  • Mileage upgrade awards: Upgrades available for purchase with miles on existing reservations for select flights worldwide. International upgrades are limited to fare classes Y, B, M, H, Q, or K.
  • Complimentary companion upgrades: Available for passengers traveling on the same reservation as Medallion Elite members.
  • Same-day standby upgrades: Available to all passengers for a fee on the day of departure for specific flight routes mostly in North America, the Caribbean, and Cancun.

How to Find Out if Upgrade Space is Available

Unfortunately, Delta does not publish upgrade availability and does not release the information for third-party publishing. Further limitations include not being able to see availability for seats in any class of service on your reservation other than your own.

For example, if you have a reservation and you’re assigned a Comfort + seat, you will only be able to view that seating section of the plane when you view your reservation. You will not be able to view first, business, or main cabin seating.

The workaround for this restriction is to do a dummy booking for the class of service you wish to view. Count the available seats in the section where you want to upgrade. A dummy booking is not the most accurate accounting but is a relatively easy way to compare available seating between different flights.

Searching for an award ticket will help you determine if there is upgrade space available, as there can be parallel availability. For example, if you do a search for a business-class award ticket and there are seats available, there is a similar chance an upgrade is available.

You can also call Delta to determine upgrade availability space.

CWSI publishes a helpful Delta fare class information chart that you can access on their website.

Upgrade Priority: Who Gets the Upgrade First?

Delta Air Lines, like other airlines, has an upgrade hierarchy that determines who is first in line for the next upgrade. Upgrades are allocated based on the following criteria in order of highest priority:

  • Medallion Elite status
  • Fare class
  • Delta Reserve Credit Card members 
  • Delta corporate travelers
  • Delta SkyMiles® credit card holders who have met the Medallion Qualification Dollars (MQD) Waiver in the current calendar year. Delta has a revenue requirement (MQD) for each elite level and spending $25,000 on an eligible credit card waives this requirement for elite levels up to Platinum, $250,000 to waive the revenue requirement for Diamond Medallion Elite status.
  • Date and time of upgrade request (the tiebreaker).

Determine where you might fall in the upgrade hierarchy with Delta using this helpful Medallion Upgrade Priority Calculator from CWSI.

Request upgrade on Delta Air Lines
Delta Medallion members enjoy unlimited complimentary upgrades. Image courtesy of Delta.com

The Importance of Delta Medallion Elite Status

Delta Medallion Elite status is the single most powerful factor in getting upgrading on Delta Air Lines. Delta has several tiers of Medallion Elite status:

  • Delta 360: Top invitation-only status granted at Delta’s discretion
  • Diamond Medallion Members: Unlimited upgrades that begin clearing 5 days prior to departure
  • Platinum Medallion Members: Unlimited upgrades begin clearing 5 days prior to departure
  • Gold Medallion Members: Unlimited upgrades begin clearing a complimentary domestic days prior to departure
  • Silver Medallion Members: Unlimited upgrades begin clearing 1 day prior to departure

If these complimentary upgrades do not clear in advance, Medallion members can be added to the standby list at check-in and cleared for upgrades up until departure.

Complimentary upgrades are valid for Comfort +, Delta One domestic flights, and First Class on Delta. There are no international complimentary upgrades except for regional international flights with Delta/Aeromexico. Complimentary upgrades are available on Aeromexico for Medallion Members on all Aeromexico flights within Mexico, between Mexico and the U.S., and between Mexico and Central America, the Caribbean, Colombia, and Ecuador.

Medallion Members receive priority boarding and seating on many international routes and with most partner airlines.

In addition to complimentary upgrades, Delta Diamond and Platinum Medallion Members can earn annual Global and Regional Upgrade Certificates to redeem on International and Regional flights.

Medallion Members who purchase a full Y economy fare are also eligible for instant upgrades if available.

Learn the details of what it takes to earn Medallion elite status in Delta’s SkyMiles frequent flyer program here.

The Value of a Delta SkyMiles® Credit Card

Having a Delta-branded American Express credit card delivers flight benefits such as improving you and your travel companion’s chances for an upgrade, providing you with companion flight certificates that are also eligible for upgrades, complimentary or discounted lounge access, reaching Medallion Elite status faster, or offering flight benefits including free checked bags and priority boarding.

Hot Tip: The best Delta-branded credit cards for increasing your chances for an upgrade on Delta flights is the Delta Reserve Business Credit Card from American Express or the Delta Reserve Credit Card from American Express

Upgrading With Miles

It is possible to upgrade your domestic flight with miles during the booking process and on an existing reservation for domestic, regional, and international flights.

Delta seats and upgrade request
When booking a ticket, or viewing an existing reservation, you may have the option to upgrade with miles. Image courtesy of Delta.com

How to Upgrade With Miles When Purchasing a Ticket

The Upgrade with Miles option is only available when booking a Delta or Delta Connection flight within the 50 United States.

Log in to your account on Delta.com to book your flight, then select a main cabin ticket. You will be given the cash price of upgrading your reservation and the option to upgrade with miles at the value 1 cent per mile. For example, if the cost to upgrade is $450, you have the option to use 45,000 miles.

The pricing will be displayed, and you can decide whether the offer is good value. In many cases, it’s not.

How to Upgrade an Existing Reservation With Miles

You may have the option to upgrade your existing reservation with miles. When you log in to your account and view your trip, the option to upgrade with miles may be displayed.

If you cannot upgrade online you will need to contact a SkyMiles representative. The representative will let you know if the reservation is eligible for a Mileage Upgrade Award and provide you with pricing.

Miles are deducted from your account if the upgrade can be confirmed.

Upgrades are limited to certain fare classes depending on the route. For North America and Central America, eligible fare classes for Mileage Upgrade Awards include Y, B, M, H, Q, K, L, U, and T.  For international flights, eligible fare classes include Y, B, M, H, Q, and K.

air france business class seats
Use Delta SkyMiles to upgrade your Air France flight. Image courtesy of Airfrance.com.

Upgrading on Partner Airlines

It is possible to use a Mileage Upgrade Award on an existing reservation that includes Virgin Atlantic, Air France, KLM, or Aeromexico-operated flights, basically upgrading with miles.

Fare classes and routes can be limited, pricing may be prohibitive, and in some cases, flights are restricted to only Delta-marketed flights.

You will need to contact a SkyMiles representative to find out if your flight is eligible, receive pricing information, and confirm the Mileage Upgrade Award.

You can access Delta’s web site for terms and conditions and available routes for partner Mileage Upgrade Awards.

Companion Upgrades

Delta does a nice job of including companions in the upgrade process. If a Medallion Member is traveling with a companion, the companion upgrade will receive the same status priority as the Medallion Member.

For example, if a Diamond Medallion Member is traveling with a companion on the same reservation, the companion will be elevated to Diamond-level priority when it comes to upgrades, regardless of whether the companion has status. However, the companion must be a SkyMiles member, and must request the upgrade.

Companion upgrades are available on paid tickets, award tickets, miles and cash tickets, and Pay with Miles tickets.

Hot Tip: Free main-cabin Companion Certificates awarded each year on Delta-branded credit cards such as the  Delta Reserve® Card from American Express and the Platinum Delta SkyMiles® Credit Card from American Express are eligible for upgrades for the cardholder and companion, making these certificates even more valuable.    

Discounted first class fare example
Comparing pricing on Delta’s website can yield some surprising results. Discounted first class can occasionally be less than Comfort + seating and not much more than the main cabin on certain routes. Image courtesy of Delta.com

A Dozen Ways to Secure an Upgrade or Increase Your Chances of an Upgrade With Delta

With Delta SkyMiles Medallion Elite Status

  1. Achieve Delta Diamond Medallion Elite status to earn Global Upgrade Certificates and Regional Upgrade Certificates.
  2. Achieve Delta Platinum Medallion Elite status to earn Regional Upgrade Certificates.
  3. Check discounted business, first, and Premium Select prices before using upgrade certificates. Business-class pricing is an especially good value on partner airlines such as China Eastern to Asia and Aeromexico to South America. Premium Select fares on Delta from hubs including DTW can be a good value and also elevate the chances of your Global Upgrade Certificate clearing should you choose to use one.
  4. You can increase your chances of getting upgraded by being a Delta Reserve Credit Card holder.
  5. If you hold one of the other Delta SkyMiles® credit cards, you can increase your chances of an upgrade by meeting the Medallion Qualification Dollars Waiver as early in the year as possible.
  6. As a Diamond, Platinum, or Gold Medallion Member, you have the fee-free opportunity to same-day confirm (SDC) to a different flight. If an alternative flight with a higher number of first-class seats is available, you may be able to increase your chances of a complimentary upgrade. Silver Medallion Members must pay the $75 SDC fee.
  7. Increase your chances of a domestic complimentary upgrade by selecting a plane with the largest number of business- or first-class seats. For example, models of the A319 have only 12 first-class seats, while an A321 can have 20 first-class seats. Review Delta’s fleet of aircraft to compare plane capacities.

Without Delta SkyMiles Medallion Elite Status

While there are few ways to secure an upgrade on a Delta flight without Medallion Elite status, opportunities do exist.

  1. Purchase a Comfort + Upgrade during booking or anytime up until 3 hours before departure.
  2. Use miles to purchase a business- or first-class flight or use miles to upgrade an existing flight if the pricing is good value.
  3. Check discounted business, first, and Premium Select prices (available on certain Delta routes), as this pricing can be a better value than using miles to upgrade, especially on partner airlines such as China Eastern to Asia and Aeromexico to South America.
  4. Purchase a discounted upgrade to first class at check-in. Be aware that upgrades are often available for purchase when you check-in for your flight and pricing can be at a significant discount. These same-day standby upgrades are available in limited markets.
  5. Offer to give up your economy seat when a flight is oversold in exchange for an upgraded seat on the next available flight (plus a flight voucher or gift card). You’ll usually have to ask for the upgrade, but you’ll be in a perfect position for it to be granted.

Final Thoughts

If flying in a premium cabin is your preference, watch for upgrade purchase opportunities at check-in, use miles to upgrade when the value is there, or try to select aircraft with larger premium cabins.

If you want to ensure you’ll be flying in a premium cabin, it may be valuable to seek out and compare discounted business class on Delta and other SkyTeam partner airlines or use miles to purchase Premium Select or business-class fares.

FAQ

Will I earn miles when flying on an Upgrade with Miles ticket?

Yes, you will earn elite qualification miles, redeemable miles, and elite qualification segments on an Upgrade with Miles ticket.

The mileage credit you earn will be based on the price of the ticket purchased, which includes the base fare plus surcharges.

What is the difference between economy class and Comfort +?

The differences between economy and Comfort + are many and include extra leg room and the fact that you are closer to the front of the plane than the economy section. You’ll also receive priority boarding and dedicated overhead space.

Another key difference is that you receive free snacks, cocktails, blankets, pillows, headsets, and amenity kits on long-haul flights.

Is having a Delta credit card worth it?

A Delta credit card is worth it if you use the benefits each card offers.

If you frequently fly Delta Air Lines, having a Delta credit card will provide value. The first free checked bag for you and your traveling companions alone can save you hundreds of dollars each year.

The additional perk of the free companion flight certificate you receive at card renewal on the Delta SkyMiles Platinum Card and the Delta Reserve cards can also save you hundreds of dollars.

How many miles does it take to upgrade a Delta flight to first class?

The price to upgrade a flight with miles varies drastically by route, and since there are no pricing charts published, you’ll have to look at each ticket individually when booking or call Delta for pricing on an existing reservation.

The domestic ticket example we used in this article shows 31,400 miles each way to upgrade, but you may be able to purchase a first-class flight with miles for less.

What is Premium Select and can I get an upgrade to it?

Premium Select is a special seating product offered by Delta Air Lines on select international routes.

Premium Select seats have their own cabin and offer a higher level of service than the main cabin, as there are dedicated flight attendants. You can expect to receive a menu, be served meals on a plate, and receive a small amenity kit.

The seat is wider and has additional recline than a domestic Comfort + seat, plus it has an adjustable footrest.

Complimentary upgrades are not available for Premium Select.

What is a same-day standby upgrade?

A same-day standby upgrade is an upgrade that is available on the day of departure. For a fee, any passenger can upgrade their eligible flight if space is available. You may see this option at check-in or you can ask about it at the departure gate.

Same-day standby upgrades are available between select markets in North America, the Caribbean, and Mexico.

Can I upgrade my basic economy ticket?

Unfortunately, tickets that are purchased in Delta’s basic economy fare class are not eligible for any type of upgrade, regardless of whether you have status.

These fares are discounted heavily and do not allow advanced seat selection, changes to the ticket, or paid priority boarding.

Christine Krzyszton

About Christine Krzyszton

Christine, who lives in Northern Michigan, travels about 300,000 miles a year despite her remote location. Her expertise is traveling the world on a weekend with no pre-determined destination in mind, letting the cost of the airfare determine where she will go. She has over four million flown miles and elite status on all three major domestic carriers.

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30 comments

  1. You left out the most important tip: Don’t bother with any of this if you live in a hub. In ATL, very few platinums get free upgrades because there are tens of thousands (or more?) of diamonds here. I used to try to get up to gold, but it’s not worth anything, so I no longer bother. Whoever has the best rate gets my biz.

    • Christine Krzyszton · July 6, 2018 · Reply

      Scoring an upgrade in a hub market can be challenging for sure but it sounds like you’ve moved on and are making things work for you as a free agent. Thanks for reading.

  2. Thanks for doing all the research for a very informative article. It is a great help!

  3. Very nice article with a ton of useful information. Thanks for referring us too!

  4. MidasMouse · December 6, 2018 · Reply

    Can you explain more of what this means? “Medallion status upgrades (personal credit card only).” Does it mean the card can upgrade your medallion status? Or just that if you have the card you may get a seat upgrade because the card helps you toward medallion status?

    • Christine Krzyszton · December 6, 2018 · Reply

      Hello and thanks for your question. Upgrades are allocated according to a hierarchy. Medallion Elite status has top priority, then fare class, then Delta Reserve Credit Card members. Having the personal Delta Reserve credit card elevates your chances for a seat upgrade, but the business version of the card does not. Just having the card does not affect your Medallion Elite status or help you towards Medallion Elite status.
      The order for granting upgrades is as follows:
      Medallion Elite status
      Fare class
      Delta Reserve Credit Card members (personal version)
      Delta corporate travelers
      Delta SkyMiles® credit card holders who have met the Medallion Qualification Dollars (MQD) Waiver in the current calendar year.

  5. Randy Cameron · December 10, 2018 · Reply

    Hi Christine

    Are you aware of anyone (travel agent or private individual) that can take into account all of my information? Medallion status credit cards etc..

    Thank you

    Randy

    • Christine Krzyszton · December 11, 2018 · Reply

      Hello Randy! I am not sure I understand your question. Upgrades are given out directly by the airline based on their criteria. The airline would have access to your account information, status, credit card information, etc. I am not sure what you mean by an individual or travel agent taking into account your information.

  6. Any difference on getting upgraded to 1st on Delta if you initially purchased non-basic economy or comfort?

    • Christine Krzyszton · January 21, 2019 · Reply

      Hi Mike and thanks for your question. Purchasing a higher fare class such as Comfort+ will increase your chances for a complimentary domestic upgrade over lower fare classes. However, the hierarchy for receiving upgrades still applies. For example, those who purchase a higher fare class who have elite status receive upgrades before those travelers who do not have elite status.

  7. The other note, you can get free Platinum status with the Centurion card.

    • Christine Krzyszton · February 4, 2019 · Reply

      While not an option for most people, (the card is available to high net worth individuals via invitation) the exclusive card does come with Delta Platinum status. Thank you so much for the reminder.

  8. Hi – I don’t think my question is covered above but this relates to complimentary upgrades as Gold Medallion when connecting from Europe. The route I am looking at is DUB-BOS-SLC-SNA.

    I know that international upgrades to First / Delta One are not offered – I am asking about the domestic sectors.

    I am seeing that I am not upgrade eligible to first on DUB-BOS-SLC-SNA. However, if I just try a dummy booking for BOS-SLC-SNA, it shows that I am upgrade eligible to first for both flights.

    Why does having the DUB-BOS sector added on mean that I am no longer eligible for the two domestic sectors? This doesn’t make sense?? Does Delta really consider the whole ticket ‘international’ even though it includes two domestic flights?

    In the past I have been upgraded to First when connecting from Europe (e.g. LGW-LAS on Virgin, and then upgraded to first for the LGW-SNA flight).

    Thanks!

    • Christine Krzyszton · February 19, 2019 · Reply

      Hi Phillip. You should be eligible for upgrades on the domestic segments. You do not say if your ticket is marketed by Delta or another Sky Team carrier. However, my first thought is to access your trip details on Delta.com, scroll to the “Upgrade Request” section and check to see if perhaps upgrades were not requested and the box is not checked to request them. If the section shows “not eligible for upgrade” for the domestic segments, just give Delta a quick call. I have had this happen when I looked for a fare on Google Flights, then used the link from Google Flights to go to Delta.com to purchase the ticket and the upgrade requests did not get applied.

  9. Hi Christine,

    As a Silver Medallion member, what happens if you request an upgrade for both Delta Comfort or First Class? Does this mean that if you are given the upgrade to Comfort, then you are not eligible anymore for First Class? Would it be better to aim to first class at the beginning and not applying for Delta Comfort?

    Thanks

    • Christine Krzyszton · March 29, 2019 · Reply

      Hello LCNB. As a Medallion member requesting an upgrade, you are immediately put on the wait list for both types of upgrades. If Comfort Plus clears, you will still be on the wait list for First Class. Thanks for the question.

  10. Tony · May 1, 2019 · Reply

    I am unable to see seating in other cabins and upgrade availability on my existing reservation.

    • Christine Krzyszton · May 1, 2019 · Reply

      You are correct, Tony. The work around is to do a dummy booking for your exact flights and you will be able to see the entire seat map. Quirky, I know. Once you check in for your flight, of course, you will be able to view the upgrade list.

  11. Hello!
    Great website!
    I am booked into an Economy Comfort bulkhead aisle seat from PDX to AMS. However, it is a full row (gasp).
    The asking price to move up to Delta One is 799.00 or 79,000 miles one-way.
    I am seriously conisdering it. There are only 6 seats left in Delta One and only 12 days before the flite.
    My questions are:
    1. Am I nuts to pay 799 for a one-way grade on a 10.5 hour flite
    —of course there is the Sky Lounge to think about too. My original economy comfort ticket is about 1,600.00.
    —I am also a Delta Platinum Med member with a Delta Plat Skymiles card, so I will be earning something on the 799.
    2. Do you know if the price of these first class upgrades ever go down at check-in? (It is a gamble, I know!)
    Thank you for any advice!
    KC

    • Christine Krzyszton · June 21, 2019 · Reply

      Hi KC. The price one is willing to pay for an upgrade is such a personal preference. I personally would not pay it because I can fit comfortable in a bulkhead seat and can sleep well sitting upright, but not everyone can say the same. If I had an important meeting to attend when I arrived, however, I would pay it. So, let’s ponder this. You’re looking at a total of $2400 for a round trip ticket with a Delta One upgrade, one way, not horrible. With 6 Delta One seats left and 12 days left, I would doubt the price will go down. I am sorry I cannot provide further guidance and I wish you luck in your decision. I have had to make similar decisions. Thank you for reading, KC.

  12. John P · July 30, 2019 · Reply

    I am a Delta Platinum and travel internationally quite often. On a few occasions I have been upgraded to Delta One on flights to and from Amsterdam and Milan. I have also noticed that on almost every flight there are quite a few open seats up until 30 minutes before boarding and all of a sudden Delta One is full. I have even seen flight attendants go to someone’s seat and offer them to move up to Delta One. So the question is…..Delta states that they do not give upgrades on international flights, yet they do it all the time, so how is this process being managed?

    • Christine Krzyszton · July 30, 2019 · Reply

      Hi John. My take on this, based on years of being Delta Diamond, is that GUC (Global Upgrade Certificates) are being used in most cases. I have been on the upgrade list and had the gate agent come on board and tell me my upgrade had cleared at the last moment. Also, you can purchase an upgrade and Delta One seats are often left open to see if anyone takes advantage of purchasing a last minute upgrade. The other situation, and it sounds like you’ve experienced this, is that the back of the plane is oversold and they’ll upgrade Diamonds, then Platinum, and so forth until enough seats are open in back to accommodate confirmed passengers.

  13. Rosemarie Madieros · August 10, 2019 · Reply

    I just have a very basic question. My fiance and I are flying from Boston to Orlando. We are in main cabin seats and I’m considering going up to Delta comfort seats. I just want to know if the price is round trip or one way per person.

    • Christine Krzyszton · August 10, 2019 · Reply

      Hi Rosemarie. The price quoted for an upgraded seat is normally by flight segment. If you have two flights on an itinerary, for example, each will be priced separately. When you open your reservation on Delta.com and there is an upgrade available, it will be very clear as to which flight is offering the upgrade. It will state the departure airport, arrival airport, seat description, and the price.

  14. Hi Christine. Great article and thank you for the information. Question related to booking a Delta flight with hopes for an upgrade. I usually book via AMEX Platinum to get the 5x points. However should I book via the Delta Reserve Card if I want to increase my upgrade chances for an International flight?

    Thanks in advance!

    • Hi Jeremy,

      Booking a flight with the Delta Reserve card will not improve your chances at being upgraded. We recommend you use whichever card will offer you the most value for your spending. In this case, that would be your Amex Platinum card.

      Thanks for reading!

  15. Any thoughts about the fact it’s just about impossible to upgrade using miles on an international flight with Delta? I know the theory is it’s possible but in practice it just doesn’t seem to happen. My last experience, which is typical, was a business ticket “Y” fare booked about a month in advance. At that time 18 seats in J were available but no upgrade inventory available. I wait listed for the upgrade (using miles) and then waited. Day prior to the flight there were still 6 seats in J available but they were not released. And, then I checked in because I was headed to the airport.But miles upgrades don’t transfer to the airport wait list. Ultimately they put 5 non revs in Delta One and flew one seat empty. This is fairly typical of my experience over the last couple of years. Hard to justify any loyalty to Delta when the only frequent flyers that seem to matter are the Delta 360 members, the Diamonds, and the friends and family non revs.

    • Christine Krzyszton · August 31, 2019 · Reply

      Hi Nate. I can understand your frustration. If there are no mileage upgrades available when you purchase your ticket and you have to be put on the wait list, you are then dealing with an upgrade hierarchy that highly favors those with status. There is also the element of Delta IT which does have its anomalies. The only advice I can offer (and it’s not much) is to check your reservation often for upgrade offers, check in with the gate agent to confirm you’re on the wait list and to let them know you are present and waiting for an upgrade.

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